1784-1854

New York City was established as the temporary capital of the U.S. in 1785.

In 1792, merchants created “The Buttonwood Agreement” , because they met under a buttonwood tree on Wall Street, signaling the beginning of the New York City Stock Exchange.

In 1807, Robert Fulton created a steamboat line that increased trade and travel between NYC and Albany, NY.

In 1824, a riot occurred in Greenwich Village between Irish Anglicans and Catholics, after a parade by members of the Orange Order, (which was what the Dutch called New York City when they shortly reclaimed it from the British).

The Eerie Canal was a manmade canal that stretched from the Great Lakes, to the Atlantic and well as Lake Champlain. It was completed on October 26th, 1825, and increased trade as well as traffic from NYC to the Midwest, which, in turn, increased the cities growth.

By 1835, NYC was the most populated city in the U.S., and was beginning its first building boom.

In 1835, the Great Fire of New York leveled Canal Street and most of Downtown. Several aqueducts and bridges were built as a result of the low water levels from the fire, which were needed to spur industrial growth.

By the late 1840’s, Irish immigration increased as a result of the Potato Famine, and from then on immigration boomed and New York City became the busiest port in the world. The need for work in the city hailed people from all over the world so they could start anew in the America’s, giving NYC the nickname, “melting pot”, as a result of all the cultures melding together into one.