POL 301A LEADERS AND LEADERSHIP
Biographies, documents, news reporting, and multidisciplinary viewpoints are used to analyze persons who rise in public life and gain both allegiant and adversarial followers. Typological and functional approaches are used to define, distinguish, and predict examples. Institutionalized leaders are examined as crucial components in persistent patterns of relationships, or networks, which include “government” and opponents. Clandestine and subversive mobilizations are studied to observe shifts in initiative and in legitimacy.
What do you want the students to know?
Intradisciplinary (American Government, Comparative Politics, International Relations, Political Theory) and cross-disciplinary (Anthropology, Economics, History, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology) contributions to study of focal concept, theme, specialty, or practice on which the Workshop or Seminar concentrates—i.e., leadership.
What do you want the students to do?
Read with understanding and utilize scholarly works and articles in academic journals by premier political scientists on leadership. American Political Science Review is required. (E.g., W. T. Bianco & R. H. Bates, “Cooperation by Design: Leadership, Structure and Collective Dilemmas, APSR, 84: 133-47.)
Biographies of national and world leaders are to be read, with the works of various biographers of the same figure compared.
· one type of leadership displayed by a series of leaders in different times and places
· idiosyncratic (destructive or psychopathic; creative or transformational)
· rational-legalistic or organizational
· one erstwhile leader who went through different phases and stages during a lifetime
to be viewed analytically
· from the vantage points of multiple scholarly disciplines
· using the numerous biographies that have been published
What habits of mind are the students to form?
Empirical, normative, prudential analysis from distinctive viewpoints of diverse scholars and practitioners. Identification of zones of conflict, areas of agreement, and opportunities for negotiation or new research. Recognition of sycophancy, campaign literature, debunking, rebunking.
How will you know?
Cumulative correction and continuity of prospectus à rough draft à oral presentation and script for it à finished piece(s).
Shift from stereotypical or knee-jerk hero-worship or demonization to intellectual curiosity and insight in class discussions.
Sources for empirically testing the hypothesis will be different and distinct from those used to formulate the hypothesis.
American Political Science Association, Storming Washington: An Intern’s Guide…(Washington, DC: APSA, latest edition).
Kellerman, Barbara, ed., Political Leadership: A Source Book
Kellerman, Barbara, Leadership: Multidisciplinary Perspectives (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1984). ISBN 0-13-527671-3
Biographic and autobiographic bibliographies for particular leaders are to be compiled by individual students on assignments.
Primary sources for students include common touchstones such as Plato, Gorgias, The Republic, and Machiavelli, The Prince. Not to be ignored are Han Fei Tzu (trans; New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1964), Thomas Hobbes, De civi, Henry St. John Viscount Bolingbroke, The Idea of a Patriot King.
Recommendations for further study of leadership are drawn from the efflorescence of significant political science in the mid-20th century.
Arendt, Hannah, The Origins of Totalitarianism (New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1951).
Barber, James David, The Presidential Character (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1977).
Bass, Bernard M., Stodgill’s Handbook of Leadership (New York: Free Press, 1981).
Boyte, Harry C., The Backyard Revolution (Philadelphia, PA: Temple Univ. Press, 1980).
Broder, David, The Changing of the Guard: Power and Leadership in America (New York: Penguin, 1981).
Bunce, Valerie, Do New Leaders Make A Difference? (Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1981).
Burling, Robbins, The Passage of Power: Studies in Political Succession (New York: Academic Press, 1975).
Burns, James MacGregor, Leadership (New York: Harper & Row, 1978).
Dahl, Robert A., Who Governs? (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1961).
DiRenzo, Gordon J., Personality and Politics (Garden City, NY: Doubleday Anchor, 1974).
Fiedler, Fred, A Theory of Leadership Effectiveness (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967).
Friedrich, Carl J., and Zbigniew Brzezinski, Totalitarian Dictatorship and Autocracy (Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1956).
Greenstein, Fred I., Personality and Politics: Problems of Evidence, Inference, and Conceptualization (Chicago: Markham, 1969).
Greenstein, Fred I, and Michael Lerner, eds., A Source Book for the Study of Personality and Politics (Chicago: Markham, 1971).
Jennings, Eugene E., Anatomy of Leadership (New York: Harper, 1960).
Lasch, Christopher, The Culture of Narcissism (New York: W. W. Norton, 1978).
Laski, Harold, Authority in the Modern State, (New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press, 1919).
Lasswell, Harold, Power and Personality (1st ed.; New York: W. W. Norton, 1948).
i.e., curb human destructiveness, choose intelligence, reduce provocation, act positively
Lasswell, Harold, Psychopathology and Politics (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1930, 1960).
Mazlish, Bruce, The Revolutionary Ascetic (New York: Basic Books, 1976).
McFarland, Andrew, Power and Leadership in Pluralist Systems (Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1969).
Michels, Robert, Political Parties (New York: Free Press, 1962, originally 1911).
Mills,. C. Wright, The Power Elite (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1956).
North, D. C., Structure and Change in Economic History (New York: Norton, 1981).
Paige, Glenn, The Scientific Study of Political Leadership (New York: Free Press, 1977).
Pye, Lucian, Politics, Personality, and Nation-Building (New Haven,, CT: Yale Univ. Press, 1962).
Rustow, Dankwart A., Philosophers and Kings: Studies in Leadership (New York: Braziller, 1970).
Weber, Max, in H. Gerth and C. W. Mills (ed. and trans.), From Max Weber (New York: Oxford, 1958).
Whicker, Marcia Lynn, and Raymond A. Moore, When Presidents Are Great (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1988).
Wolfenstein, E. Victor, The Revolutionary Personality, (Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1971).