Women Writers During Fascism
Here is some background information
about the women authors and poets whose work was mentioned in my literary
Grazia Maria Cosima Damiana Deledda
was born in Nuoro, Sardinia, to the respectable bourgeois parents Giovanni
Antonio Deledda and Francesca Cambosu Pereleddu, on September 27, 1871. She
received only a few years of formal education, which ended when she was
eleven; her schooling was then self-imposed and principally carried out
through extensive reading of Italian, Russian, French, and English literature
of the period, and through contact with people more learned than she. Deledda
began publishing stories and novels at a very young age in local papers,
despite the shocked reaction of the society of Nuoro and the opposition of
her family. In Cagliari in 1899, Deledda met Palmiro Madesani, a civil servant
for the Ministero delle Finanze; two months later, in January 1900, they
married and moved to Rome, where Deledda lived the rest of her life. She
had two sons, Franz and Sardus, and reportedly eschewed the world of Roman
society for a tranquil domestic life. Her literary production remained fervid
at almost a book a year. Her best and most known works are her novels and
collections of short stories, but she also wrote poetry, essays, theatrical
works, articles on folklore, and stories for children, and published a translation
of Balzac's Eugenia Grandet. She received the 1926 Nobel Prize for Literature,
although her accomplishment has long been tarnished by the suspicion that
she won the prize over her compatriot Matilde Serao for political reasons.
She died of breast cancer in Rome in 1936.
Carola Prosperi was born in 1883 in Turin, Italy. She was married, but
her husband's name is unknown. It is also unclear whether she had children.
Prosperi was a teacher and journalist. She won the Rovetta in 1911 for La
paura d'amare. She died in 1981.
was born in Alessandria, Italy to bourgeois parents, Ambrogio Faccio and
Ernesta Cottimo in 1876. She was married to Ulderico Pierangeli in 1893, then
separated. They had one child, Walter Pierangeli. During her lifetime,
Aleramo also had many lovers. Her education went only as far as middle school.
She went on to become a writer, editor, and translator. Her most famous work
is Una donna, an autobiographical account of a woman struggling to
free herself from her marriage and domestic life in search of her self. She
won two prizes, Viareggio and Versilia, in 1948 for Selva d'amore. Sibilla
Aleramo died in Rome in 1960.
Ada Negriwas born in Lodi in 1870
to an artisan family, and became a village school-teacher. Her first poems, Fatalita
(1892, tr. Fate and Other Poems, 1898) voiced bitter protest against
the state of the poor. Her passionate lyrics, developed in Maternita (1904),
reached their climax in Il libro di Mara (1919). Canti dell'isola
(1924) sang of the beauty of Capri. In her last years Negri took refuge in
religion and her last volumes of poetry, Vespertina (1931) and Il
dono (1936), express resignation and serenity. Her prose includes Le
solitarie (1917), short stories, and the autobiographical novel Stella
mattutina (1921, tr. Morning Star, 1930). She became the first
woman member of the Italian Academy in 1940. Negri died
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