Works Cited

History Paper:

Bridenthal, Renate, et al. (eds.). Becoming Visible: Women in European History. NY: Houghton Mifflin, 1999.

Corner, Paul. “Women in Fascist Italy: Changing Family Roles in the Transition from an Agricultural to an Industrial Society.”  European History Quarterly 1993: 51-68

De Grazia, Victoria. How Fascism Ruled Women: Italy, 1922-1945.  Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1992.

DiCaprio, Lisa, and Merry E. Wiesner. Lives and Voices: Sources in European Women’s History.  Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2000.

Passmore, Kevin, ed. Women, Gender and Fascism in Europe, 1919-45.  New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2003.

Literature Paper:

Allen, Beverly, Muriel Kittel, and Keala Jane Jewell, eds., The Defiant Muse: Italian Feminist Poems from the Middle Ages to the Present. New York: Feminist Press, 1986.

Life Is Beautiful
. Dir. Roberto Benigni. Writ. Vincenzo Cerami, Roberto Benigni. Prod. Gianluigi Braschi, Elda Ferri. Perf. Roberto Benigni, Nicoletta Braschi, Giorgio Cantarini, Giustino Durano, Sergio
        Bini Bustric. USA and Italy: Miramax Films, 1998.

Pickering-Iazzi, Robin. Unspeakable Women: Selected Short Stories Written By Italian Women during Fascism.  New York: Feminist Press at the City University of New York, 1993.


"Benito Mussolini": (Date Accessed: 12/10/05)

"Mussolini Speaks": (Date Accessed: 12/12/05).

"Melting Wedding Rings": (Date Accessed: 11/27/05).

"Italian Partisans Patrolling in Milan, 1945.": (Date Accessed: 12/14/05).

"Grazia Deledda": (Date Accessed: 12/10/05).

"Sibilla Aleramo": (Date Accessed: 12/10/05).

"Amalia Guglielminetti": (Date Accessed: 12/10/05).

"Poster for ONMI (Opera nazionale per la maternità ed infanzia) of Milan: 'Put your maternity and your offspring under ONMI's protection.'"; "Poster for the national ONMI, 1935"; "Poster for the national ONMI, 1937"; "Poster for the national ONMI, 1939"; "An American-style beauty: 'Will he come by, or won't he? It's time.'"; "Fecundity incarnate: rural beauty
holding rooster"; "Gino Boccasile's priapic " '900 girl" ; "Strapaese's nemesis: the crisis woman, 1931"; "
Bourgeois mother with her firstborn girl, circa 1939"; "A working class mother at an ONMI clinic in Rho, late 1920s";  "A peasant mother with her first three children and elders in Emilia, 1930s"; "A demonstration of female handicrafts, early 1930s"; "Sicilian women doing menial labor"; "Assembly-line workers at the ICO medical equipment factory in Bologna"; "Migrant field laborers in Emilia, 1930s"; "The secretarial pool at the Perugina Candy Works, 1928"; "The company canteen at the Perugina Candy Works, 1928"; "Angiola Moretti (left) and Wanda Gorjux address fascist women, 1930"; "A fascist women's luncheon under the banner of the House of Savoy, Pavia, early 1930s"; "The ring ceremony, 1935"; "A soup kitchen for mothers at Turin, staffed by fascist patronesses, early 1930s"; "First gathering of rural housewives in Enna, Sicily, 1935.":
De Grazia, Victoria. How Fascism Ruled Women: Italy, 1922-1945.  Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1992.

"Rivista delle Famiglie. Milan, June 1936.": (Date Accessed: 11/27/05).

"La Domenica. Milan, 4 April 1937.": (Date Accessed: 11/29/05).

"Italian War Poster": (Date Accessed: 12/10/05).

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