Coffee Timeline Coffee Discovered in Ethiopia Coffee in the Arab World Coffee Reaches Europe The Coffeehouse Phenomenom Which is

A Definition of Modernity.

At some point during the first half of the nineteenth century an irreversible split occurred between modernity as a stage in the history of Western civilization:

First: modernity as a product of scientific and technological progress, of the industrial revolution, of the sweeping economic and social changes brought about by capitalism. The bourgeois idea of modernity
continued outstanding traditions of earlier periods in history of modern idea Progress, confidence in beneficial possibilities of science and technology, concern with time, cult of reason, ideal of freedom within abstract humanism, pragmatism, cult of action and success.

Second: modernity as an aesthetic concept.

Matei Calinescu, Five Faces of Modernity: Modernism, Avant-Garde, Decadence, Kitsch, Postmodernism. Durham: Duke University Press, 1987. 395p,


coffee pot noun
a container with a handle and shaped opening,
for making and serving coffee in

Coffee Pots of various time periods and origins, all fit the definition.

Cambridge University Dictionary, 14731&dict=CALD


The following images are only a few of the hundreds of images that came up at Corbis using the search terms "coffee" and "cofeehouse."

I have put them together here to provoke questions about modernity.


Coffee Purveyor, Turkey



Croisant means "crescent" in French. The crescent is known as the symbol of Islam. This pastry probably has its origins in the East.


America, 1950s

Beatnicks ponder life and revolution over coffee, Greenwich Village

America, 1950s 

Blacks must fight for a
cup of coffee,
Woolworths lunchcounter.