Coffee Timeline Coffee Discovered in Ethiopia Coffee in the Arab World Coffee Reaches Europe The Coffeehouse Phenomenom Which is Modern? Bibliography

Works Cited

Cowen, Brian. "What was Masculine about the Public Sphere? Gender and the Coffeehouse Milieu in Post Restoration England" History Workshop Journal 51 (2001): 127-157.

Klein, Lawrence E. "Coffeehouse Civility, 1660-1714: An Aspect of Post Courtly Culture in England." Huntington Library Quarterly 59 (1997): 30-51.

Ors, Ilay. "Coffeehouses, Cosmopolitanism, and Pluralizing Modernities in Istanbul." Journal of Mediterranean Studies 12 (2002): 119-145.

Pendergast, Mark. Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee and How It Transformed Our World. New York: Basic Books, 1999.

Pincus, Steve. "‘Coffee Politicians Does Create’: Coffeehouses and Restoration Political Culture." Journal of Modern History 67, no. 4 (1995): 807-834.

Smith, S.D. "Accounting For Taste: British Coffee Consumption in Historical Perspective." Journal of Interdisciplinary History 27, no. 2 (1996): 183-214.

Starbucks Coffee,, (accessed May 2, 2004).

All photographs courtesy of Corbis.