GLOSSARY


Home Motherhood in Greco-Roman myths Women in Ancient and Classical Greece Glossary Picture Gallery Works Cited Ancient Links

 
 
 
amphidromia an ancient greek ceremony which was held on the fifth or seventh day of the baby's birth; the baby was named and officially welcomed into the family.
CELEUS father of Demophon whom Demeter nursed and tried to make immortal.
CRONUS son of Gaia and Uranus; husband of Rhea; castrated his father thereby becoming the ruling Titan; gave birth to first Olympian gods; was overthrown by his youngest son, Zeus.
CUPID son of Venus; injured by his wife, Psyche, whom he marries against his mother's wish.
CYCLOPS sons of Uranus and Gaia; one eyed giant monsters who were imprisoned by their father in the Tartarus.
dekate a more expansive baby naming ceremony held for a baby boy on the tenth day after his birth; he was named and all the relatives were feasted and were entertained.
DEMETER daughter of Cronus and Rhea; goddess of agriculture and of fertility; mother of Persephone; when her daughter is kidnapped, she allows the earth to parish until her daughter is returned to her.
DEMOPHON son of Celeus whom Demeter nursed when she was roaming the earth and mourning for her lost daughter.
demotic deme name.
engue first step in the marriage process; occurred between the father of the bride and the groom, with two male witnesses present; constituted of pledging of the bride and transfer of dowry.
epikleros a daughter who became an heiress to her father's estate if there were no males to continue the family line.
GAIA goddess of the Earth; mother and wife of Uranus; helps her youngest son, Cronus to overthrow her husband.
gamos second step in the marriage process; the actual wedding celebration which was followed by sacrifices; it was a procession from the brides' house to her future home.
gyne woman wife; this 'title' was given to a young wife who gave birth to a child.
HADES/
AIDONEUS
son of Cronus and Rhea; god of the underworld; husband of Persephone.
HECATONCHEIRES 50 head and 100 arm sons of Uranus and Gaia who where imprisoned in the Tartarus by their father.
HELIOS/
HYPERIONIDES
god of sun; told Demeter who stole her daughter.
JUPITER in Roman mythology, the king god and lord of life and death; helped to convince Venus that Psyche really loves her son and will never again injure him.
kyrios greek for guardian.
oikos family or household; consisted of male head of the family, his wife, children, and slaves.
patronymic a name referring to your father's name.

PERSEPHONE
daughter of Demeter and Zeus; represented nature's growth cycle and death; became the goddess of the underworld after her father gave her away to marry his brother, Hades.
PSYCHE a beautiful mortal maiden who wins Cupid's love and becomes his wife; she had to complete all the tasks that her angry mother-in-law assigns to her, after she tries to see her husbands divine countenance but injures him and he vanishes.
RHEA daughter of Uranus and Gaia; known as the "mother of gods" because she and her brother and husband Cronus were parents of the original Olympus gods; helped her youngest son Zeus, to overthrow her husband who was swallowing all their children.
sunoikein third and last step of the marriage process; literally means 'living together'; sexual union and cohabitation.
TITANS 12 offspring of Uranus and Gaia; the most famous was Cronus who castrated his father and gained power as the supreme god.
URANUS son and husband of Gaia; the god of sky and heaven; imprisons his own children in the Tartarus, which enrages his wife; his youngest son, aided by his angry mother castrates him and becomes the supreme god.
VENUS goddess of love, desire and beauty; mother of Cupid; tests Psyches' love for her son after she had injured him.
ZEUS son of Cronus and Rhea; becomes the supreme god of all gods and humankind after he overthrows his father and wins a ten-year battle for power; husband of Demeter and father of Persephone, whom he promises as a wife to his brother, Hades.
To top