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French author (1628-1703)
Charles Perrault was born in Paris on January 1628. Son of an upper-class burgeois family, he attended the best schools and becomes a lawyer in 1651. He wrote Parallèles des anciens et des modernes (Parallels between the Ancients and the Moderns) , 1688-1697, which compared the authors of antiquity unfavorably to modern writers, and became a member of the Academie Française in 1671. His ideals are made clear in his writings: he critisizes authority and states that progress is possible in both arts and sciences, thus highlighting Louis' superiority over Auguste.
His Stories or Tales from Times Past, with Morals: Tales of Mother Goose (1697) gave him great popularity and opened up a new literary genre: fairytale. Among his most famous versions of fairy tales we can find Blue Beard , Sleeping Beauty on the Woods , Little Red Riding Hood , The Master Cat or Puss in Boots , Cinderella , Little Thumb and Donkey Skin .
He died in Paris on May 1703.
(Biographical information provided by: Ricochet-jeunes.org)
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Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm
Jacob Grimm (1785-1863) and Wilhelm Grimm (1786-1859) were German brothers famous for their collections of folk songs and folktales, especially for Kinder- und Hausmärchen [ Grimm's Fairy Tales ] (1812-22). These volumes were influential to the collection of tales throughout Europe, inciting scholars like Mathias Winther to collect folktales. Both brothers were linguists who specialized in historical linguistics, primarily investigating the language of Old High German. They lived at Kassel until 1829, when, perhaps motivated political necessity, they moved to the nearby University of Göttingen, where they were given appointments as librarians and professors. During this period in 1835, Jacob Grimm wrote Deutsche Mythologie [German Mythology], which was widely acclaimed. Jacob Grimm attempted to use peasant poetry, fairy tales, and mythology to reconstruct the pre-Christian religion of the Germanic people.
The Grimm brothers were dismissed from their positions at Göttingen when Ernest Augustus, duke of Cumberland, became king of Hanover in 1837. Feeling that the constitution of 1833 was too liberal, the new King repealed it and dismissed the Grimms after they (along with five other professors later called the "Göttingen Seven") sent him a note explaining their loyalty to the old constitution.
In 1840, after a number of years in exile, they accepted an invitation from the king of Prussia,
Frederick William IV, to go to Berlin and became members of the Royal Academy of Sciences. While there they started the Deutsches Wörterbuch [German Dictionary], a guide for the user of the written and spoken word as well as a scholarly reference
work. Such an ambitious endeavor, the work was never completed during their lifetime. During what later were called the Berlin years, the brothers were very productive, writing many of their influential works.
(Information provided by Corvallis Community Pages )
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Legend has it that the idea for Mickey Mouse came to Walt Disney from a memory of a friendly mouse that begged for food in his 1922 Kansas City art studio.
Walt Disney was born in Chicago, Illinois on December 5, 1901. His family moved to a farm near Marceline, Missouri when he was five years old and to Kansas City when he was nine, where his father bought a Kansas City Star newspaper route. Walt and his brother, Roy, had to wake at 3:30 a.m. every day to deliver newspapers. While attending Benton Elementary School, Disney took Saturday drawing classes at the Kansas City Art Institute.
When his brother joined the army in World War I, Disney also tried to join, but was underage. He changed the date on his birth certificate and was accepted by the Red Cross as an overseas ambulance driver.
Disney returned to Kansas City after the war and was hired as an artist at an advertising agency. He began an animated film business with artist Ub Iwerks. The two produced "Laugh-O-Grams" for local movie theaters, but went bankrupt, prompting Disney to join his brother in Los Angeles.
Borrowing money from his brother, Disney again made animated films. Iwerks and other artists soon came west to work with him. They produced cartoons, but did not have a hit until Disney come up with an idea to do a cartoon about a mouse that talked and sang. "Steamboat Willie" opened September 19, 1928, making Mickey Mouse a big star and Disney a big success. Soon movie audiences couldn’t get enough of Disney cartoons.
In 1937, Disney’s full-length movie, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, hit the movie screens. It broke all box-office records and established Disney as an innovative filmmaker. By the time he opened Disneyland in 1955 he was acclaimed as one of the post powerful men in the motion picture industry.
Disney died on December 15, 1966. He once told a reporter, "There is a lot of Mickey in me."
Written by Dory DeAngelo
-Schickel, Richard. The Disney Version, Simon & Schuster Inc.,1968.
-Current Biography. New York: H.B. Wilson Company, 1940, p. 245.
-Dictionary of American Biography. Charles Scribners & Sons, 1966-1970. p. 129.
-Kansas City Journal Post. September 8, 1935.
(Biographical information provided by: KClibrary.org)