Allston, Washington. Art and Poems: Group of the Angel and Child. New York: Baker and Scribner, 1850.
Calvert, George Henry. Ellen: A Poem. New York: Sheldon and Company, 1869.
Civilization. New York Times (1857 – Current File). August 27, 1871. “The 'Evil of the Age.'” ProQuest Historical Newspapers.
English, Thomas. American Ballads: The Widow’s Christmas. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1880.
Horton, G. M. Naked Genius: On the Death of an Infant. Raleigh, NC: Southern Field and Fireside Book Publishing House, 1865.
New York Times (1857 – Current File). August 31, 1871. “The Daily 'Go-Between.'” ProQuest Historical Newspapers.
New York Times (1857 – Current File). June 1, 1872. “Hope for the Murderers." ProQuest Historical Newspapers.
Peabody, W. B. O. “On Seeing a Deceased Infant." Spring Field, MA: S. Bowles, 1832.
Poe, Edgar Allen. Complete Tales and Poems: The Mystery of Marie Rogęt. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1992. 396 – 433.
Wilcox, Ella. Poems of Problems: The Revealing Angels & War Mothers. Chicago: W. B. Conkey Company, 1898.
Brodie, Janet Farrell. Contraception and Abortion in 19th-Century America. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1994.
D’Emilio, John, and Estelle B. Freedman. Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 1997. 55 – 170.
Srebnick, Amy Gilman. The Mysterious Death of Mary Rogers: Sex and Culture in Nineteenth-Century New York. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1995.