Kollontai wanted to see buildings all over Russia
where women could go and learn about birth control, childbirth and child
These were the new managers, directors, 'red' merchants
all of whom prospered under the new economy. Many bourgeois industrialists
and technical specialists who had flourished before the revolution had
considerable control over small enterprises under the NEP.
These were the wives of nepmen, or women who kept
company with these men.
New Economic Policy
Introduced by Lenin at the 10th Party Congress in
1921, after the Bolshevik civil war victory. The economic and political
alliance of the proletariat (urban working class) and the peasantry, threatened
during the civil war by economic pressures and grain requisitions, was
to safeguard by granting peasants relatively free use of land and its products.
NEP's main aim was to 'increase at all costs the quantity of output', to
expand large-scale industry, and thus provide the economic basis for the
dictatorship of the proletariat. Although the 'commanding heights' of the
economy remained under state control, private enterprise was selectively
authorized and so was born the 'nepman'.
The days in October 1917 when the Bolsheviks took