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House of Motherhood

Kollontai wanted to see buildings all over Russia where women could go and learn about birth control, childbirth and child care.


These were the new managers, directors, 'red' merchants all of whom prospered under the new economy. Many bourgeois industrialists and technical specialists who had flourished before the revolution had considerable control over small enterprises under the NEP.


These were the wives of nepmen, or women who kept company with these men.

New Economic Policy

Introduced by Lenin at the 10th Party Congress in 1921, after the Bolshevik civil war victory.  The economic and political alliance of the proletariat (urban working class) and the peasantry, threatened during the civil war by economic pressures and grain requisitions, was to safeguard by granting peasants relatively free use of land and its products.  NEP's main aim was to 'increase at all costs the quantity of output', to expand large-scale industry, and thus provide the economic basis for the dictatorship of the proletariat. Although the 'commanding heights' of the economy remained under state control, private enterprise was selectively authorized and so was born the 'nepman'.

October Days

The days in October 1917 when the Bolsheviks took power

works cited