INT 296F   Third World?  Two-thirds World!

Interdisciplinary:  History (non-Western, 3 crs.) and Political Science (3 crs.)
Four classroom hours per week plus 26 hours (average 2 hrs. per week) to be individually arranged


Robert J. Griffiths, ed., Developing World 05/06 (15th ed.; Guilford, CT: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2005).
John L. Allen and Elizabeth . Leppman, Student Atlas of World Politics (6th ed.; Guilford, CT: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin, 2004).

Course Description

Analysis is done of so-called Third World (“developing” countries, “emerging” areas, and “poor” nations) in context of erstwhile “revolution of rising expectations,” neutralism and Cold War nonalignment, and upheavals during the last decade of the 20th century.  Comparison is done of colonial histories, background experiences, foreign policies, domestic differences and similarities.

Content Objectives

Upon successful completion of this course, you can be expected

To have a chronological knowledge of the antecedents and the appearance of so-called “third world” countries in the middle and late 20th century and their legacy in the present

To have an essential understanding of terms and definitions of “third world” and related vocabulary

To identify cohesive, divisive, and cross-cutting allegiances within the “third world”

To be able to discuss and illustrate “first world,” “second world,” and other outside influences

To analyze local, regional, and global dimensions of issues that entail “have|have-not” rhetoric and conflict

To conjecture why some “developing” and “transitional” countries quickly move out of their marginal status while others linger in a stalled condition

 Learning Objectives

In the course of this semester, you can expect to develop or improve

Your ability to do analysis empirically, abstractly, and comparatively, using techniques and models drawn from both historical method and political science

Your ability to formulate informed questions and pursue rational inquiry

Your techniques involving alternative analytical viewpoints and normative perspectives

favoring state viability

stalling development

J. L. Allen & E. J. Leppman, Student Atlas, 6th ed.

Robert J. Griffiths, ed., Developing World 05/06

H. Cliadakis

3rd World? 2/3 World!




Geographical location

Natural disasters

1 Boundaries
Ecological Regions
Natural Hazards
Land Use
11 Political Boundary Types


2 R. Hausmann, Prisoners of Geography

Sufficient food

Dependence on trade & aid

39 Dependence on Trade

50 Production of Staples—Cereals, Roots, Tubers

51 Agricultural Production per Capita

52 Average Daily Calories per Capita

H Mortality, Health & Nutrition

J Agricultural Operations

32 S. Sidhva, Saving the Planet: Imperialism in a Green Garb?
E. Metcalfe, Nor Any Drop to Drink: The World Is Running Out of Water
B. McKibben, An Alternative to Progress
J. McGeary, Death Stalks a Continent
A. Thomas, A Minor Miracle
E. R. Shell, New World Syndrome

Place for the rich legally allowed & regulated

Import-export problems

29 International Trade Organizations
Rich & Poor Countries
Gross National Income/Capita
Relative Wealth: PPP
International Capital Flows


8 D. W. Drezner, Bottom Feeders
J. Faux, The Global Alternative
D. Kapur, The IMF: A Cure or a Curse?
S. Anderson, The IMF & World Bank’s Cosmetic Makeover

Religion—responsibly mobilizes people & protects their spiritual needs

Lack of industrial development (and over-indusrialization)

8 Religions

24 Post-Cold War Alliances


4 R. Malley, The Third Worldist Movement
N. Ghadbian, Political Islam & Violence
Economist, Enemies Within, Enemies Without
A. Rashid, The War Starts Here

Articles—on Pace Library Electronic Reserve (INT 296F or Quest is quick; password is saturday)

Sauvy, Alfred, “The Third World,” in General Theory of Population (New York: Basic Books, 1969), pp. 204-218.

Reischauer, Edwin O., “The Future of a Limited World,” Worldview, Sept. 1975, pp. 145-152.

Foner, Eric, “We Must Forget the Past…South Africa,” in Who Owns History? (New York: Hill and Wang, 2002), pp. 88-109.

Glenn, Jerome C., “Third World Development:  The Second Most Critical Focus…,” Future Research Quarterly, Spring l987, pp. 79-85.

Harrison, Lawrence, “Culture Matters,” The National Interest, No. 60, Summer 2000, pp. 55-65. 

Wittrock, Bjorn, “Modernity: One, None, or Many,” Daedalus:  Multiple Modernities, Vol. 129, No. 1, Winter 2000, pp. 1-60.

Wechsler, William F., “Follow the Money,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 80, No. 4, July-August 2001, pp. 40-57. 

Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce, and Hilton Root, “The Political Roots of Poverty:  The Economic Logic of Autocracy,” National Interest, No. 68, Summer 2002, pp. 27-37.

Rosecrance, Richard, “Money and Power:  Pondering Economic Growth and Decline,” National Interest, No. 68, Summer 2002, pp. 127-132.

Rosecrance, Richard, “The Rise of the Virtual State,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 75, No. 4, July-August 1996.


History books (and relevant maps from Atlas)

De Bary, William Theodore, et al, Sources of Chinese Tradition (Vol. II; New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1964).

Murphey, Rhoads, East Asia:  A New History (New York: Addison Wesley Longman, 1997).
Student Atlas
, Map 69 Asia:  Physical, Map 70 Asia:  Political

Hourani, Albert, A History of the Arab Peoples (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 1991).

July, Robert W., A History of the African People (5th ed.; Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, 1998).
Student Atlas, Map 71 Africa:  Physical, Map 72 Africa:  Political

Skidmore, Thomas, and Peter S. Smith, Modern Latin America (New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1997).
Student Atlas, Map 65 South America:  Physical, Map 66 South America:  Political